Design Qualification (DQ) Testing Services
Design qualification is an initial test to screen and develop confidence on whether a proposed shipping system is suitable for additional qualification and validation, such as Operational Qualification (OQ) and Performance Qualification (PQ), as required. DQ testing may evaluate several shipping systems in parallel. As DQ testing is considered preliminary testing, typically the DQ is performed without QA oversight since shipping systems may not meet requirements.
The DQ testing of a proposed shipping system typically comprises of two aspects:
Our team is able to help many clients with various shipping requirements, such as different temperature ranges, transportation methods. Screening and testing shipping systems can be expedited through our relationships with shipping systems manufacturers and testing laboratories domestically and internationally.
Distribution/Mechanical DQ Testing
Distribution DQ testing verifies that the proposed shipping system can protect the product payload from typical shipping hazards, such as random vibration and shock (drops) encountered during transport.
Smallest quantity to be shipped in proposed shipper
Largest quantity to be shipped in proposed shipper
The minimum and maximum load configurations in the shipping system are tested to bracket the range in quantity of products to be shipped in the shipping system. Factors to determine which distribution/mechanical standard to select are the following:
- Packaging type (small parcel, pallet, etc.)
- Mode of Transport (air, sea, ground, etc.)
For example, small parcel shipping systems are typically tested against ISTA 3A or ASTM D4169, while pallets are tested against ISTA 3B/3E or ASTM D4169. The packaging configuration and expected transportation method determine which testing schedule is to be selected for the distribution testing of the proposed shipping system.
Thermal DQ Testing
Thermal DQ testing will test the proposed shipping system against simulated thermal profiles that mimic the expected hottest and coldest shipping lanes (see Lane Assessment). Typical standard thermal profiles are the following:
- ISTA 7D
- ISTA 7E
- Modified versions of standard profiles to replicate the supply chain process
Using an accepted industry standard profile like ISTA 7D and ISTA 7E is the most common approach for qualifying various shipping lanes for thermal testing. If a customer-specific thermal profile is required, the profile should have actual temperature data along the hottest and coldest shipping lanes. For this purpose, the hottest shipping lane would be the hottest temperatures at origin/packout and hottest temperatures at destination/receiving, and the coldest shipping lane would be the coldest temperatures at origin and packout environment and the coldest temperatures at destination and receiving environment. Since gathering temperature data can be a costly study, the industry standard profiles are often selected as a worst-case shipping profile with justification. Factors to determine which thermal profile standard to select are the following:
- Seasonal (if applicable)
- Expected shipping duration
- Specific shipping/Receiving environmental conditions